samba - A Windows AD and SMB/CIFS fileserver for UNIX




   The Samba software suite is a collection of programs that implements
   the Server Message Block (commonly abbreviated as SMB) protocol for
   UNIX systems and provides Active Directory services. This protocol is
   sometimes also referred to as the Common Internet File System (CIFS).
   For a more thorough description, see Samba
   also implements the NetBIOS protocol in nmbd.

       The samba daemon provides the Active Directory services and file
       and print services to SMB clients. The configuration file for this
       daemon is described in smb.conf(5).

       The smbd daemon provides the file and print services to SMB
       clients, such as Windows 95/98, Windows NT, Windows for Workgroups
       or LanManager. The configuration file for this daemon is described
       in smb.conf(5).

       The nmbd daemon provides NetBIOS nameservice and browsing support.
       The configuration file for this daemon is described in smb.conf(5).

       winbindd is a daemon that is used for integrating authentication
       and the user database into unix.

       The smbclient program implements a simple ftp-like client. This is
       useful for accessing SMB shares on other compatible servers (such
       as Windows NT), and can also be used to allow a UNIX box to print
       to a printer attached to any SMB server (such as a PC running
       Windows NT).

       The samba-tool is the main Samba Administration tool regarding
       Active Directory services.

       The testparm utility is a simple syntax checker for Samba's
       smb.conf(5) configuration file.

       The smbstatus tool provides access to information about the current
       connections to smbd.

       The nmblookup tools allows NetBIOS name queries to be made from a
       UNIX host.

       The smbpasswd command is a tool for changing LanMan and Windows NT
       password hashes on Samba and Windows NT servers.

       The smbcacls command is a tool to set ACL's on remote CIFS servers.

       The smbtree command is a text-based network neighborhood tool.

       The smbtar can make backups of data on CIFS/SMB servers.

       smbspool is a helper utility for printing on printers connected to
       CIFS servers.

       smbcontrol is a utility that can change the behaviour of running
       smbd, nmbd and winbindd daemons.

       rpcclient is a utility that can be used to execute RPC commands on
       remote CIFS servers.

       The pdbedit command can be used to maintain the local user database
       on a samba server.

       The findsmb command can be used to find SMB servers on the local

       The net command is supposed to work similar to the DOS/Windows
       NET.EXE command.

       wbinfo is a utility that retrieves and stores information related
       to winbind.

       profiles is a command-line utility that can be used to replace all
       occurrences of a certain SID with another SID.

       log2pcap is a utility for generating pcap trace files from Samba
       log files.

       vfstest is a utility that can be used to test vfs modules.

       ntlm_auth is a helper-utility for external programs wanting to do

       smbcquotas is a tool that can set remote QUOTA's on server with
       NTFS 5.


   The Samba suite is made up of several components. Each component is
   described in a separate manual page. It is strongly recommended that
   you read the documentation that comes with Samba and the manual pages
   of those components that you use. If the manual pages and documents
   aren't clear enough then please visit for
   information on how to file a bug report or submit a patch.

   If you require help, visit the Samba webpage at
   and explore the many option available to you.


   The Samba software suite is licensed under the GNU Public License(GPL).
   A copy of that license should have come with the package in the file
   COPYING. You are encouraged to distribute copies of the Samba suite,
   but please obey the terms of this license.

   The latest version of the Samba suite can be obtained via anonymous ftp
   from in the directory pub/samba/. It is also available on
   several mirror sites worldwide.

   You may also find useful information about Samba on the newsgroup
   comp.protocol.smb and the Samba mailing list. Details on how to join
   the mailing list are given in the README file that comes with Samba.

   If you have access to a WWW viewer (such as Mozilla or Konqueror) then
   you will also find lots of useful information, including back issues of
   the Samba mailing list, at


   This man page is correct for version 4 of the Samba suite.


   If you wish to contribute to the Samba project, then I suggest you join
   the Samba mailing list at

   If you have patches to submit, visit for
   information on how to do it properly. We prefer patches in git
   format-patch format.


   Contributors to the project are now too numerous to mention here but
   all deserve the thanks of all Samba users. To see a full list, look at
   the change-log in the source package for the pre-CVS changes and at for the contributors to Samba post-GIT. GIT is
   the Open Source source code control system used by the Samba Team to
   develop Samba. The project would have been unmanageable without it.


   The original Samba software and related utilities were created by
   Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open
   Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.

   The original Samba man pages were written by Karl Auer. The man page
   sources were converted to YODL format (another excellent piece of Open
   Source software, available at and
   updated for the Samba 2.0 release by Jeremy Allison. The conversion to
   DocBook for Samba 2.2 was done by Gerald Carter. The conversion to
   DocBook XML 4.2 for Samba 3.0 was done by Alexander Bokovoy.


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