lavpipe - creates raw YUV streams from pipe list scripts


   lavpipe [-o num] [-n num] pipe-list


   lavpipe  reads  a  script  file called 'pipe list' that is of a similar
   structure as the edit lists that can be fed  into  lav2yuv.   For  info
   about the pipe list format see below.

   The  pipe  list  defines  several  video  sources  and filters that are
   combined by lavpipe to produce a single output  YUV  stream  on  stdout
   (which for example can be compressed and stored to disk via mpeg2enc(1)
   or yuv2lav(1)).


   The command line options are used to output  a  specific  part  of  the
   resulting  video  stream.   That  means  you  can tell lavpipe how many
   frames to skip and how many frames to deliver from that point on.

   -o num This is the frame offset of the  output  video.  The  first  num
          frames  of the resulting video simply are neither calculated nor
          written to stdout. This value defaults to 0.

   -n num This is the frame count. If the input files or  streams  defined
          in  the  pipe list script are long enough, the output will be of
          exactly num frames length. A value of 0 means  that  all  frames
          until  the  last one as defined in the pipe list will be written
          out, as long as there's some input (0 is the default).

          This is name of the pipe list file that lavpipe will  'execute'.
          For information about this file's format see below.

   -?     Display a synopsis of the command syntax.


   lavpipe -o 100 -n 25 film.pli
          would  calculate  and  output  to  stdout  frames  100 to 124 as
          defined in film.pli (in PAL this would be the 5th second of  the

   lavpipe input.pli | yuv2lav -q80 output.avi
          would save the movie assembled by lavpipe as a single AVI file.


   In  this  section  the  format  of  lavpipe's input files the pipe list
   scripts is explained. If you need some  examples  or  a  more  detailed
   tutorial,   please  read  the  mjpegtools(1)  manpage's  section  about
   CREATING MOVIE TRANSITIONS. and the file README.lavpipe that should  be
   included  in  the  distribution.   Also feel free to contact us via the
   mailing list (see below).

   A pipe list contains of two parts: the YUV source list and after  this,
   as  many  sequence  descriptions  as  wanted. It always begins with the
   following two lines:

   LAV Pipe List
          This is the first line in every pipe list script. It is used  as
          a simple test if lavpipe really was given a pipe list script and
          not your PhD thesis as input.

          This is the second line in every pipe list and can be either PAL
          or  NTSC,  depending  on  what  video  standard you use. I don't
          remember if this is used at the moment.

   Now follows the source list:

   num    This is the number of input commands. lavpipe will read the next
          num lines and interpret them as input stream commands.

   command (num times)
          This  is  a valid command line with two variables $o and $n that
          will be replaced by lavpipe with the offset and number of frames
          that the program has to output. Example:
          lav2yuv -o $o -f $n input.avi

   Thus, an example source list could look like this:
   lav2yuv -o $o -f $n scene1.avi
   lav2yuv -o $o -f $n scene2.avi

   after this you can append as many sequence descriptions as needed. Each
   of them is built up as follows:

   num    The number of frames that this sequence will last.

   num    The number of inputs that will be used in this  sequence.   This
          number  must  of  course  be less than or equal to the number of
          inputs that are defined above.

   idx [ofs] (num times)
          These are the indices to the sources that  are  defined  at  the
          beginning of the file (first source is 0) with an optional frame
          offset (i.e. sequence starts  with  frame  number  ofs  of  this
          input.) - this value defaults to 0. Example:
          0 150

          This is a valid command line to a YUV filter tool that reads num
          input streams  and  writes  one  output  stream,  combining  its
          inputs.  Optionally, the filter tool can be given the two $o and
          $n variables that will be replaced by lavpipe as in  the  source
          commands  (see  above).  For further info read README.lavpipe or
          the documentation for the filter  programs  (if  available).  An
          example filter could look like this:
          transist.flt -o 0 -O 255 -s $o -n $n -d 50
          And  if  the  sequence  only has one input that simply should be
          copied to the output, you can use a dash instead  of  a  command

   And  here's  an  example  for  a  complete  pipe list that implements a
   transistion from scene1.avi to scene2.avi


   LAV Pipe List
   lav2yuv -o $o -f $n scene1.avi
   lav2yuv -o $o -f $n scene2.avi
   50            # first sequence: 50 frames
   1             #   contains one input:
   0 0           #     scene1.avi, offset 0
   -             #   simple output
   25            # second sequence: 25 frames
   2             #   contains two inputs:
   0 50          #     scene1.avi, offset 50
   1             #     scene2.avi, offset 0
   transist.flt -o 0 -O 255 -s $o -n $n -d 50 # transistion
   50            # third sequence: 50 frames
   1             #   contains one input:
   1 25          #     scene2.avi, offset 25
   -             #   simple output


   I'm sure there are enough of them. lavpipe often accepts malformed pipe
   lists  and  then writes out a video that was all but intended - without

   The mention of $n above is wrong. At one time there were two parameters
   but now a program is allowed to produce as many frames as it wants. THe
   author of the program hard coded, for reasons unknown, $n to be 0.


   There are also some serious limitations in the system, such  as  frame-
   by-frame  processing.  But  as  the  goal  when writing lavpipe was the
   simplicity of the pipeline, other tools will have to be written  to  do
   more interesting tasks.
   But  I  want to note that it is very well possible to write a pipe list
   that combines several files, and then use that pipe list  as  an  input
   for another pipe list by simply using the lavpipe command in the source
   list (see above) - this can be already used to do some nice things,  if
   you have some nice filters.

   Comments are NOT allowed in pipelist files. The comments (text after #)
   above are for illustration only.


   This man page was written by Philipp Zabel.
   If you have questions, remarks, problems or you just  want  to  contact
   the developers, the main mailing list for the MJPEG-tools is:

   For more info, see our website at


   lav2yuv(1),    lavplay(1),    lavrec(1),    mpeg2enc(1),    yuv2lav(1),


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