git-replace - Create, list, delete refs to replace objects


   git replace [-f] <object> <replacement>
   git replace [-f] --edit <object>
   git replace [-f] --graft <commit> [<parent>...]
   git replace -d <object>...
   git replace [--format=<format>] [-l [<pattern>]]


   Adds a replace reference in refs/replace/ namespace.

   The name of the replace reference is the SHA-1 of the object that is
   replaced. The content of the replace reference is the SHA-1 of the
   replacement object.

   The replaced object and the replacement object must be of the same
   type. This restriction can be bypassed using -f.

   Unless -f is given, the replace reference must not yet exist.

   There is no other restriction on the replaced and replacement objects.
   Merge commits can be replaced by non-merge commits and vice versa.

   Replacement references will be used by default by all Git commands
   except those doing reachability traversal (prune, pack transfer and

   It is possible to disable use of replacement references for any command
   using the --no-replace-objects option just after git.

   For example if commit foo has been replaced by commit bar:

       $ git --no-replace-objects cat-file commit foo

   shows information about commit foo, while:

       $ git cat-file commit foo

   shows information about commit bar.

   The GIT_NO_REPLACE_OBJECTS environment variable can be set to achieve
   the same effect as the --no-replace-objects option.


   -f, --force
       If an existing replace ref for the same object exists, it will be
       overwritten (instead of failing).

   -d, --delete
       Delete existing replace refs for the given objects.

   --edit <object>
       Edit an object's content interactively. The existing content for
       <object> is pretty-printed into a temporary file, an editor is
       launched on the file, and the result is parsed to create a new
       object of the same type as <object>. A replacement ref is then
       created to replace <object> with the newly created object. See git-
       var(1) for details about how the editor will be chosen.

       When editing, provide the raw object contents rather than
       pretty-printed ones. Currently this only affects trees, which will
       be shown in their binary form. This is harder to work with, but can
       help when repairing a tree that is so corrupted it cannot be
       pretty-printed. Note that you may need to configure your editor to
       cleanly read and write binary data.

   --graft <commit> [<parent>...]
       Create a graft commit. A new commit is created with the same
       content as <commit> except that its parents will be [<parent>...]
       instead of <commit>'s parents. A replacement ref is then created to
       replace <commit> with the newly created commit. See
       contrib/ for an example script
       based on this option that can convert grafts to replace refs.

   -l <pattern>, --list <pattern>
       List replace refs for objects that match the given pattern (or all
       if no pattern is given). Typing "git replace" without arguments,
       also lists all replace refs.

       When listing, use the specified <format>, which can be one of
       short, medium and long. When omitted, the format defaults to short.


   The following format are available:

   *   short: <replaced sha1>

   *   medium: <replaced sha1>  <replacement sha1>

   *   long: <replaced sha1> (<replaced type>)  <replacement sha1>
       (<replacement type>)


   git-filter-branch(1), git-hash-object(1) and git-rebase(1), among other
   git commands, can be used to create replacement objects from existing
   objects. The --edit option can also be used with git replace to create
   a replacement object by editing an existing object.

   If you want to replace many blobs, trees or commits that are part of a
   string of commits, you may just want to create a replacement string of
   commits and then only replace the commit at the tip of the target
   string of commits with the commit at the tip of the replacement string
   of commits.


   Comparing blobs or trees that have been replaced with those that
   replace them will not work properly. And using git reset --hard to go
   back to a replaced commit will move the branch to the replacement
   commit instead of the replaced commit.

   There may be other problems when using git rev-list related to pending


   git-hash-object(1) git-filter-branch(1) git-rebase(1) git-tag(1) git-
   branch(1) git-commit(1) git-var(1) git(1)


   Part of the git(1) suite


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