getgrent, setgrent, endgrent - get group file entry


   #include <sys/types.h>
   #include <grp.h>

   struct group *getgrent(void);

   void setgrent(void);

   void endgrent(void);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
           || /* Glibc since 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
           || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

   getgrent(), endgrent():
       _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
           || /* Since glibc 2.12: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L
           || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE


   The getgrent() function returns a pointer to a structure containing the
   broken-out fields of a record in the group database  (e.g.,  the  local
   group  file  /etc/group,  NIS, and LDAP).  The first time getgrent() is
   called, it returns the first entry; thereafter, it  returns  successive

   The setgrent() function rewinds to the beginning of the group database,
   to allow repeated scans.

   The endgrent() function is used to close the group database  after  all
   processing has been performed.

   The group structure is defined in <grp.h> as follows:

       struct group {
           char   *gr_name;        /* group name */
           char   *gr_passwd;      /* group password */
           gid_t   gr_gid;         /* group ID */
           char  **gr_mem;         /* NULL-terminated array of pointers
                                      to names of group members */

   For more information about the fields of this structure, see group(5).


   The getgrent() function returns a pointer to a group structure, or NULL
   if there are no more entries or an error occurs.

   Upon error, errno may be set.  If one wants to check  errno  after  the
   call, it should be set to zero before the call.

   The  return value may point to a static area, and may be overwritten by
   subsequent calls to getgrent(), getgrgid(3), or getgrnam(3).   (Do  not
   pass the returned pointer to free(3).)


   EAGAIN The  service  was temporarily unavailable; try again later.  For
          NSS backends in glibc this indicates a temporary  error  talking
          to the backend.  The error may correct itself, retrying later is

   EINTR  A signal was caught; see signal(7).

   EIO    I/O error.

   EMFILE The per-process limit on the number of open file descriptors has
          been reached.

   ENFILE The system-wide limit on the total number of open files has been

   ENOENT A necessary input file cannot be found.   For  NSS  backends  in
          glibc this indicates the backend is not correctly configured.

   ENOMEM Insufficient memory to allocate group structure.

   ERANGE Insufficient buffer space supplied.


          local group database file


   For   an   explanation   of   the  terms  used  in  this  section,  see

   │InterfaceAttributeValue                       │
   │getgrent()  │ Thread safety │ MT-Unsafe race:grent        │
   │            │               │ race:grentbuf locale        │
   │setgrent(), │ Thread safety │ MT-Unsafe race:grent locale │
   │endgrent()  │               │                             │
   In  the  above  table, grent in race:grent signifies that if any of the
   functions setgrent(), getgrent(), or endgrent() are used in parallel in
   different threads of a program, then data races could occur.


   POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SVr4, 4.3BSD.


   fgetgrent(3), getgrent_r(3), getgrgid(3), getgrnam(3), getgrouplist(3),
   putgrent(3), group(5)


   This page is part of release 4.09 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
   description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
   latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at

                              2016-03-15                       GETGRENT(3)


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