w3m - a text based web browser and pager


   w3m [OPTION]... [ file | URL ]...


   w3m is a text based browser which can display local or remote web pages
   as well as other documents. It is  able  to  process  HTML  tables  and
   frames  but  it  ignores JavaScript and Cascading Style Sheets. w3m can
   also serve as a pager for text files named as arguments  or  passed  on
   standard input, and as a general purpose directory browser.

   w3m  organizes its content in buffers or tabs, allowing easy navigation
   between them. With the w3m-img extension  installed,  w3m  can  display
   inline  graphics  in  web  pages.  And  whenever  w3m's  HTML rendering
   capabilities do not meet your needs, the target URL can be handed  over
   to a graphical browser with a single command.

   For help with runtime options, press "H" while running w3m.


   When  given one or more command line arguments, w3m will handle targets
   according to content type. For web, w3m gets this information from HTTP
   headers;  for  relative  or  absolute  file  system paths, it relies on

   With no argument, w3m expects data  from  standard  input  and  assumes
   "text/plain" unless another MIME type is given by the user.

   If  provided  with  no  target and no fallback target (see for instance
   option -v below), w3m will exit with usage information.


   Command line options are introduced with a single "-" character and may
   take an argument.

   General options
   -B     with no other target defined, use the bookmark page for startup

   -M     monochrome display

          deactivate mouse support

   -num   display each line's number

   -N     distribute  multiple command line arguments to tabs. By default,
          a stack of buffers is used

   -ppc num
          width of num pixels per character. Range of 4.0 to 32.0, default
          8.0.   Larger  values will make tables narrower. (Implementation
          not verified)

   -ppl num
          height  of  num  pixels  per  line.  Range  of  4.0   to   64.0.
          (Implementation not verified)

   -title, -title=TERM
          use  the  buffer  name  as terminal title string. With specified
          TERM, this sets the title configuration style accordingly

   -v     with no other target defined, welcome users with a built-in page

   -W     toggle wrapping mode in searches

   -X     do not initialize/deinitialize the terminal

   +num   go to line num; only effective for num larger than the number of
          lines in the terminal

   Browser options
   -cols num
          with  stdout  as  destination;  HTML is rendered to lines of num

   -cookie, -no-cookie
          use stored cookies and accept new ones, or do neither

   -F     render frames

   -graph, -no-graph
          use or do not use graphic characters for drawing HTML table  and
          frame borders

   -header string
          append  string  to  the  HTTP(S)  request. Expected to match the
          header syntax Variable: Value

   -m     Render the body of  Usenet  messages  according  to  the  header

          do not use proxy

   -post file
          use POST method to upload data defined in file. The syntax to be
          used is var1=value1[&var2=value2]...

   -4     IPv4 only. Corresponds to dns_order=4 in configuration files

   -6     IPv6 only. Corresponds to dns_order=6 in configuration files

   Text pager options
   -l num number of lines preserved internally when receiving  plain  text
          from stdin (default 10,000)

   -r     use caret notation to display special escape characters (such as
          ANSI escapes or nroff-style backspaces for bold  and  underlined
          characters) instead of processing them

   -s     squeeze multiple blank lines into one

   -t num set tab width to num columns. No effect on stdout

   Data type/encoding options
   -I charset
          user defined character encoding of input data

   -O charset
          user defined character encoding of output data

   -T type
          explicit characterization of input data by MIME type

   Options for data output, followed by immediate exit
   -dump  dump  rendered  page  into stdout. Set implicitly when output is
          directed to a file or pipe

          dump the page's source code into stdout

          dump response of a HEAD request for a URL into stdout

          dump HEAD, and source code for a URL into stdout

          dump HEAD, source code, and extra information  for  a  URL  into

   -help  show a summary of compiled-in features and command line options

          show all available configuration options

          show the version of w3m

   Options for overriding default settings and resources
   -bookmark file
          use file instead of the default bookmark.html file

   -config file
          use file instead of the default configuration file

   -debug DO NOT USE

   -o option=value
          modify  one  configuration  item with an explicitly given value;
          without option=value, equivalent to -show-option

          log headers of HTTP communication in file ~/.w3m/request.log


   Pager-like usage
   Combine snippets of HTML code and preview the page
          $ cat header.html footer.html | w3m -T text/html

   Compare two files using tabs
          $ w3m -N config.old config

   Browser-like usage
   Display web content in monochrome terminal
          $ w3m -M http://w3m.sourceforge.net

   Display embedded graphics
          $ w3m -o auto_image=TRUE http://w3m.sourceforge.net

   Display content from Usenet
          $ w3m -m nntp://news.aioe.org/comp.os.linux.networking

   Upload data for a URL using the POST method
          $ w3m -post - http://example.com/form.php <<<'a=0&b=1'

   Filter-like usage
   Convert an HTML file to plain text with a defined line length
          $ w3m -cols 40 foo.html > foo.txt

   Output the bookmarks page as text with an appended list of links
          $ w3m -B -o display_link_number=1 > out.txt

   Conversion of file format and character encoding
          $ w3m -T text/html -I EUC-JP -O UTF-8 < foo.html > foo.txt

   Start with no input
   Welcome users with a built-in page
          $ w3m -v


   w3m recognises the environment variable WWW_HOME as defining a fallback
   target for use if it is invoked without one.


          default bookmark file

          user defined configuration file; overrides /etc/w3m/config

          cookie jar; written on exit, read on launch

          browser history - visited files and URLs

          user defined key bindings; overrides default key bindings

          external viewer configuration file

          user defined menu; overrides default menu

          MIME types file

          user defined mouse settings

          password and username file

          contains predefined values to fill recurrent HTML forms


   README  and  example files are to be found in the doc directory of your
   w3m installation. Recent information about w3m  may  be  found  on  the
   project's web pages at http://w3m.sourceforge.net


   w3m has incorporated code from several sources.  Users have contributed
   patches and suggestions over time.


   Akinori ITO aito@fw.ipsj.or.jp


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