setreuid, setregid - set real and/or effective user or group ID


   #include <sys/types.h>
   #include <unistd.h>

   int setreuid(uid_t ruid, uid_t euid);
   int setregid(gid_t rgid, gid_t egid);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

   setreuid(), setregid():
       _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
           || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
           || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE


   setreuid() sets real and effective user IDs of the calling process.

   Supplying a value of -1 for either the real or effective user ID forces
   the system to leave that ID unchanged.

   Unprivileged processes may only set the effective user ID to  the  real
   user ID, the effective user ID, or the saved set-user-ID.

   Unprivileged users may only set the real user ID to the real user ID or
   the effective user ID.

   If the real user ID is set (i.e., ruid is not -1) or the effective user
   ID  is set to a value not equal to the previous real user ID, the saved
   set-user-ID will be set to the new effective user ID.

   Completely analogously, setregid() sets real and effective  group  ID's
   of the calling process, and all of the above holds with "group" instead
   of "user".


   On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and  errno  is
   set appropriately.

   Note: there are cases where setreuid() can fail even when the caller is
   UID 0; it is a grave security error to  omit  checking  for  a  failure
   return from setreuid().


   EAGAIN The call would change the caller's real UID (i.e., ruid does not
          match the caller's real UID), but there was a temporary  failure
          allocating the necessary kernel data structures.

   EAGAIN ruid  does  not  match the caller's real UID and this call would
          bring the number of processes belonging to the real user ID ruid
          over the caller's RLIMIT_NPROC resource limit.  Since Linux 3.1,
          this error case no longer occurs (but robust applications should
          check  for  this  error);  see  the  description  of  EAGAIN  in

   EINVAL One or more of the target user or group IDs is not valid in this
          user namespace.

   EPERM  The  calling  process is not privileged (on Linux, does not have
          the necessary capability in its user  namespace:  CAP_SETUID  in
          the case of setreuid(), or CAP_SETGID in the case of setregid())
          and a change other than (i) swapping the effective user  (group)
          ID  with  the  real  user (group) ID, or (ii) setting one to the
          value of the other or (iii) setting the effective  user  (group)
          ID  to  the  value of the saved set-user-ID (saved set-group-ID)
          was specified.


   POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, 4.3BSD  (setreuid()  and  setregid()  first
   appeared in 4.2BSD).


   Setting  the  effective user (group) ID to the saved set-user-ID (saved
   set-group-ID) is possible since Linux 1.1.37 (1.1.38).

   POSIX.1 does not specify all of the UID changes that Linux permits  for
   an  unprivileged process.  For setreuid(), the effective user ID can be
   made the same as the real user ID or the saved set-user-ID, and  it  is
   unspecified  whether unprivileged processes may set the real user ID to
   the real user ID, the effective user ID, or the saved set-user-ID.  For
   setregid(),  the real group ID can be changed to the value of the saved
   set-group-ID, and the effective group ID can be changed to the value of
   the  real  group  ID or the saved set-group-ID.  The precise details of
   what ID changes are permitted vary across implementations.

   POSIX.1 makes no specification about the effect of these calls  on  the
   saved set-user-ID and saved set-group-ID.

   The  original  Linux  setreuid()  and setregid() system calls supported
   only  16-bit  user  and  group  IDs.   Subsequently,  Linux  2.4  added
   setreuid32()  and  setregid32(),  supporting  32-bit  IDs.   The  glibc
   setreuid() and setregid() wrapper functions transparently deal with the
   variations across kernel versions.

   C library/kernel differences
   At the kernel level, user IDs and group IDs are a per-thread attribute.
   However, POSIX requires that all threads in a process  share  the  same
   credentials.   The  NPTL  threading  implementation  handles  the POSIX
   requirements by providing wrapper  functions  for  the  various  system
   calls  that  change  process  UIDs  and  GIDs.  These wrapper functions
   (including those for setreuid() and setregid()) employ  a  signal-based
   technique  to  ensure  that when one thread changes credentials, all of
   the other threads in the process also change  their  credentials.   For
   details, see nptl(7).


   getgid(2),  getuid(2),  seteuid(2), setgid(2), setresuid(2), setuid(2),
   capabilities(7), credentials(7), user_namespaces(7)


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   description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
   latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at


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