fgetpos, fseek, fsetpos, ftell, rewind - reposition a stream


   #include <stdio.h>

   int fseek(FILE *stream, long offset, int whence);

   long ftell(FILE *stream);

   void rewind(FILE *stream);

   int fgetpos(FILE *stream, fpos_t *pos);
   int fsetpos(FILE *stream, const fpos_t *pos);


   The  fseek()  function  sets the file position indicator for the stream
   pointed to by stream.  The new position, measured in bytes, is obtained
   by  adding offset bytes to the position specified by whence.  If whence
   is set to SEEK_SET, SEEK_CUR, or SEEK_END, the offset  is  relative  to
   the  start of the file, the current position indicator, or end-of-file,
   respectively.  A successful call to the  fseek()  function  clears  the
   end-of-file  indicator  for  the  stream  and undoes any effects of the
   ungetc(3) function on the same stream.

   The ftell() function obtains the current value  of  the  file  position
   indicator for the stream pointed to by stream.

   The  rewind()  function sets the file position indicator for the stream
   pointed to by stream to the beginning of the file.   It  is  equivalent

          (void) fseek(stream, 0L, SEEK_SET)

   except  that  the  error  indicator for the stream is also cleared (see

   The  fgetpos()  and  fsetpos()  functions  are   alternate   interfaces
   equivalent  to  ftell()  and  fseek()  (with  whence  set to SEEK_SET),
   setting and storing the current value of the file offset into  or  from
   the  object  referenced  by  pos.   On some non-UNIX systems, an fpos_t
   object may be a complex object and these routines may be the  only  way
   to portably reposition a text stream.


   The  rewind()  function  returns no value.  Upon successful completion,
   fgetpos(), fseek(), fsetpos() return 0, and ftell() returns the current
   offset.   Otherwise,  -1  is  returned and errno is set to indicate the


   EBADF  The stream specified is not a seekable stream.

   EINVAL The whence argument to fseek() was not  SEEK_SET,  SEEK_END,  or
          SEEK_CUR.  Or: the resulting file offset would be negative.

   The  functions fgetpos(), fseek(), fsetpos(), and ftell() may also fail
   and set errno  for  any  of  the  errors  specified  for  the  routines
   fflush(3), fstat(2), lseek(2), and malloc(3).


   For   an   explanation   of   the  terms  used  in  this  section,  see

   │InterfaceAttributeValue   │
   │fseek(), ftell(), rewind(), │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │
   │fgetpos(), fsetpos()        │               │         │


   POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, C89, C99.


   lseek(2), fseeko(3)


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   description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
   latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at


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