mkfontdir - create an index of X font files in a directory


   mkfontdir  [-n]  [-x  suffix]  [-r] [-p prefix] [-e encoding-directory-
   name] ...  [--] [directory-name ... ]


   For each directory argument, mkfontdir reads all of the font  files  in
   the  directory searching for properties named "FONT", or (failing that)
   the name of the file stripped of its suffix.  These  are  converted  to
   lower case and used as font names, and, along with the name of the font
   file, are written out to the file "fonts.dir" in the directory.  The  X
   server and font server use "fonts.dir" to find font files.

   The  kinds  of  font  files  read  by mkfontdir depend on configuration
   parameters, but typically include  PCF  (suffix  ".pcf"),  SNF  (suffix
   ".snf") and BDF (suffix ".bdf").  If a font exists in multiple formats,
   mkfontdir will first choose PCF, then SNF and finally BDF.

   The first line of fonts.dir gives the number of fonts in the file.  The
   remaining lines list the fonts themselves, one per line, in two fields.
   First is the name of the font file, followed by a space and the name of
   the font.


   Because scalable font files do not usually include the X font name, the
   file "fonts.scale" can be used  to  name  the  scalable  fonts  in  the
   directory.   The  fonts  listed  in  it  are  copied  to  fonts.dir  by
   mkfontdir.  "fonts.scale" has the same format as the "fonts.dir"  file,
   and can be created with the mkfontscale(1) program.


   The  file "fonts.alias", which can be put in any directory of the font-
   path, is used to map new names to existing fonts, and should be  edited
   by  hand.   The  format is two white-space separated columns, the first
   containing aliases and the second containing font-name patterns.  Lines
   beginning with "!" are comment lines and are ignored.

   If  neither  the  alias  nor the value specifies the size fields of the
   font name, this is a scalable alias.  A font  name  of  any  size  that
   matches this alias will be mapped to the same size of the font that the
   alias resolves to.

   When a font alias is used, the name it references is  searched  for  in
   the  normal  manner, looking through each font directory in turn.  This
   means that the aliases need not mention fonts in the same directory  as
   the alias file.

   To  embed white space in either name, simply enclose it in double-quote
   marks; to embed double-quote marks (or any  other  character),  precede
   them with back-slash:

   "magic-alias with spaces"     "\"font name\" with quotes"
   regular-alias            fixed

   If  the  string "FILE_NAMES_ALIASES" stands alone on a line, each file-
   name in the directory (stripped of its suffix) will be used as an alias
   for that font.


   The  option  -e can be used to specify a directory with encoding files.
   Every such directory is scanned for encoding files, the list  of  which
   is  then  written  to  an "encodings.dir" file in every font directory.
   The "encodings.dir" file  is  used  by  the  server  to  find  encoding

   The  "encodings.dir"  file has the same format as "fonts.dir".  It maps
   encoding names (strings of the form CHARSET_REGISTRY-CHARSET_ENCODING )
   to encoding file names.


   The following options are supported:

   -e     Specify  a  directory  containing encoding files.  The -e option
          may  be  specified  multiple  times,  and  all   the   specified
          directories   will  be  read.   The  order  of  the  entries  is
          significant, as encodings found in earlier directories  override
          those  in  later  ones; encoding files in the same directory are
          discriminated by preferring compressed versions.

   -n     do not scan for fonts, do not write font directory files.   This
          option is useful when generating encoding directories only.

   -p     Specify  a  prefix  that  is prepended to the encoding file path
          names when they are written to the  "encodings.dir"  file.   The
          prefix  is  prepended  as-is.   If a `/' is required between the
          prefix and the path names, it must  be  supplied  explicitly  as
          part of the prefix.

   -r     Keep  non-absolute  encoding  directories in their relative form
          when writing  the  "encodings.dir"  file.   The  default  is  to
          convert relative encoding directories to absolute directories by
          prepending the  current  directory.   The  positioning  of  this
          options   is   significant,  as  this  option  only  applies  to
          subsequent -e options.

   -x suffix
          Ignore fonts files of type suffix.

   --     End options.


   fonts.dir      List of fonts in the directory and the  files  they  are
                  stored  in.  Created by mkfontdir.  Read by the X server
                  and font server each time the  font  path  is  set  (see

   fonts.scale    List  of  scalable fonts in the directory.  Contents are
                  copied to fonts.dir by mkfontdir.   Can be created  with

   fonts.alias    List  of  font  name  aliases.  Read by the X server and
                  font  server  each  time  the  font  path  is  set  (see

   encodings.dir  List  of  known  encodings and the files they are stored
                  in.  Created by mkfontdir.  Read by  the  X  server  and
                  font  server each time a font with an unknown charset is


   X(7), Xserver(1), mkfontscale(1), xfs(1), xset(1)


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