lsblk - list block devices


   lsblk [options] [device...]


   lsblk  lists  information  about  all  available or the specified block
   devices.  The lsblk command reads the sysfs filesystem and udev  db  to
   gather information.

   The  command prints all block devices (except RAM disks) in a tree-like
   format by default.  Use lsblk --help to get a  list  of  all  available

   The  default  output,  as  well as the default output from options like
   --fs and --topology, is subject to change.  So whenever  possible,  you
   should  avoid using default outputs in your scripts.  Always explicitly
   define expected columns by using --output columns-list in  environments
   where a stable output is required.

   Note  that  lsblk might be executed in time when udev does not have all
   information about recently added or modified devices yet. In this  case
   it  is  recommended  to  use udevadm settle before lsblk to synchronize
   with udev.


   -a, --all
          Also list empty devices.  (By default they are skipped.)

   -b, --bytes
          Print the SIZE column in bytes rather than in  a  human-readable

   -D, --discard
          Print  information  about  the  discarding  capabilities  (TRIM,
          UNMAP) for each device.

   -d, --nodeps
          Do not print holder  devices  or  slaves.   For  example,  lsblk
          --nodeps /dev/sda prints information about the sda device only.

   -e, --exclude list
          Exclude  the  devices  specified  by the comma-separated list of
          major  device  numbers.   Note  that  RAM  disks  (major=1)  are
          excluded  by  default.   The  filter is applied to the top-level
          devices only.

   -f, --fs
          Output info about filesystems.  This  option  is  equivalent  to
          -o NAME,FSTYPE,LABEL,UUID,MOUNTPOINT.      The     authoritative
          information about filesystems  and  raids  is  provided  by  the
          blkid(8) command.

   -h, --help
          Display help text and exit.

   -I, --include list
          Include  devices  specified by the comma-separated list of major
          device numbers.  The filter is applied to the top-level  devices

   -i, --ascii
          Use ASCII characters for tree formatting.

   -J, --json
          Use JSON output format.

   -l, --list
          Produce output in the form of a list.

   -m, --perms
          Output  info about device owner, group and mode.  This option is
          equivalent to -o NAME,SIZE,OWNER,GROUP,MODE.

   -n, --noheadings
          Do not print a header line.

   -o, --output list
          Specify which output columns to print.  Use --help to get a list
          of all supported columns.

          The default list of columns may be extended if list is specified
          in the format +list (e.g. lsblk -o +UUID).

   -O, --output-all
          Output all available columns.

   -P, --pairs
          Produce  output  in  the  form  of   key="value"   pairs.    All
          potentially unsafe characters are hex-escaped (\x<code>).

   -p, --paths
          Print full device paths.

   -r, --raw
          Produce output in raw format.  All potentially unsafe characters
          are hex-escaped (\x<code>) in the NAME, KNAME, LABEL,  PARTLABEL
          and MOUNTPOINT columns.

   -S, --scsi
          Output info about SCSI devices only.  All partitions, slaves and
          holder devices are ignored.

   -s, --inverse
          Print dependencies in inverse order.

   -t, --topology
          Output  info  about  block-device  topology.   This  option   is
          equivalent    to    -o NAME,ALIGNMENT,MIN-IO,OPT-IO,PHY-SEC,LOG-

   -V, --version
          Display version information and exit.

   -x, --sort column
          Sort output lines by column. This option enables --list output.


   For partitions, some information (e.g. queue attributes)  is  inherited
   from the parent device.

   The  lsblk  command  needs  to  be able to look up each block device by
   major:minor numbers, which is done by using /sys/dev/block.  This sysfs
   block  directory  appeared in kernel 2.6.27 (October 2008).  In case of
   problems with a new enough kernel, check that CONFIG_SYSFS was  enabled
   at the time of the kernel build.


   0      success

   1      failure

   32     not found all specified devices

   64     some specified devices found, some not found


   Milan Broz <>
   Karel Zak <>


          enables libblkid debug output.

          enables libmount debug output.

          enables libsmartcols debug output.

          use     visible    padding    characters.    Requires    enabled


   findmnt(8), blkid(8), ls(1)


   The lsblk command is part of the util-linux package  and  is  available


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