gimp - an image manipulation and paint program.


   gimp   [-h]   [--help]   [--help-all]   [--help-gtk]  [-v]  [--version]
   [--license] [--verbose]  [-n]  [--new-instance]  [-a]  [--as-new]  [-i]
   [--no-interface]  [-d] [--no-data] [-f] [--no-fonts] [-s] [--no-splash]
   [--no-shm] [--no-cpu-accel] [--display display] [--session <name>] [-g]
   [--gimprc    <gimprc>]   [--system-gimprc   <gimprc>]   [--dump-gimprc]
   [--console-messages]  [--debug-handlers]  [--stack-trace-mode   <mode>]
   [--pdb-compat-mode   <mode>]   [--batch-interpreter  <procedure>]  [-b]
   [--batch <command>] [filename] ...


   GIMP is the GNU Image Manipulation Program. It  is  used  to  edit  and
   manipulate  images. It can load and save a variety of image formats and
   can be used to convert between formats.

   GIMP can also be used as a paint program. It features a set of  drawing
   and  painting  tools  such as airbrush, clone, pencil, and paint brush.
   Painting and drawing tools can be applied to an image with a variety of
   paint modes.  It also offers an extensive array of selection tools like
   rectangle, ellipse, fuzzy select, bezier select, intelligent  scissors,
   and select by color.

   GIMP  offers  a  variety  of  plug-ins  that perform a variety of image
   manipulations.  Examples include bumpmap, edge detect,  gaussian  blur,
   and  many  others.  In  addition,  GIMP has several scripting extension
   which allow for advanced non-interactive  processing  and  creation  of

   GIMP  ships  with a second binary called gimp-console. This binary is a
   console-only version and  behaves  as  if  gimp  was  called  with  the
   --no-interface command-line option.

   On  platforms  with  the D-Bus message bus system, GIMP will by default
   check if an instance is already running in this  user  session.  If  it
   detects  that,  it will pass all filenames given on the command-line to
   the already running GIMP instance and quit.


   GIMP accepts the following options:

   -h, --help
           Show GIMP command-line options.

           Show all command-line options.

           Show GTK+ command-line options.

           Show GEGL command-line options.

   -v, --version
           Output version information and exit.  When  combined  with  the
           --verbose  option,  version information about libraries used by
           GIMP is shown as well.

           Output license information and exit.

           Be verbose and create information on standard output.

   -n, --new-instance
           Do not attempt to  reuse  an  already  running  GIMP  instance.
           Always start a new one.

   -a, --as-new
           Open  filenames passed on the command-line as new images, don't
           set the filename on them.

   -i, --no-interface
           Run without a user interface.

   -d, --no-data
           Do not load patterns, gradients, palettes,  or  brushes.  Often
           useful  in  non-interactive situations where startup time is to
           be minimized.

   -f, --no-fonts
           Do not load any fonts. No text functionality will be  available
           if this option is used.

   --display display
           Use the designated X display.

   -s, --no-splash
           Do not show the splash screen.

           Do  not  use  shared  memory  between  GIMP  and  its plug-ins.
           Instead of using shared memory, GIMP will  send  the  data  via
           pipe.  This will result in slower performance than using shared

           Do not use CPU accelerations such as MMX or SSE  even  if  GIMP
           detects that your CPU provides this functionality.

   --session <name>
           Use  a  different  sessionrc  for  this GIMP session. The given
           session name is appended to the default sessionrc filename.

   -g, --gimprc <gimprc>
           Use an alternative gimprc instead of the default one. Useful in
           cases where plug-in paths or machine specs may be different.

   --system-gimprc <gimprc>
           Use an alternate system gimprc file.

           Output a gimprc file with default settings.

           Enable debugging signal handlers.

   -c, --console-messages
           Do  not  popup  dialog  boxes  on errors or warnings. Print the
           messages on the console instead.

   --stack-trace-mode {never|query|always}
           If a stack-trace should be generated in case of fatal signals.

   --pdb-compat-mode {off|on|warn}
           If the PDB should provide aliases for deprecated functions.

   --batch-interpreter <procedure>
           Specifies the procedure to use to  process  batch  events.  The
           default is to let Script-Fu evaluate the commands.

   -b, --batch <command>
           Execute  <command>  non-interactively.  This  option may appear
           multiple  times.   The  <command>  is  passed  to   the   batch
           interpreter.  When  <command>  is  - the commands are read from
           standard input.


   GIMP respects a number of environment variables.

   DISPLAY to get the default host and display number.

           to get the name  of  the  personal  GIMP  directory.  If  unset
           .gimp-2.8  is used.  If this is an absolute path, it is used as
           is.  If it is a relative path, it is taken to be a subdirectory
           of the home directory.

           to  get  the  base  location for data files such as brushes and
           patterns.  If unset ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0 is used.

           to  get  the  base  location   for   translations.   If   unset
           ${datarootdir}/locale is used.

           to  get  the  base  location for plug-ins and modules. If unset
           ${exec_prefix}/lib/gimp/2.0 is used.

           to  get  the  location  of  configuration   files.   If   unset
           /etc/gimp/2.0 is used.

           On   Linux  GIMP  can  be  compiled  with  support  for  binary
           relocatibility.    This   will   cause   data,   plug-ins   and
           configuration  files to be searched relative to the location of
           the gimp executable file unless overridden by  the  environment
           variables mentioned above.


   GIMP's   data   files  are  stored  in  ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0,  where
   ${datarootdir} is set on install, but is typically  /usr/share.  GIMP's
   system-wide  configuration  files  are  stored  in /etc/gimp/2.0, where
   ${prefix} is typically /usr.

   Most  GIMP  configuration  is  read  in  from  the  user's  init  file,
   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gimprc.    The    system    wide   equivalent   is   in
   /etc/gimp/2.0/gimprc. The system wide file is parsed first and the user
   gimprc  can override the system settings.  /etc/gimp/2.0/gimprc_user is
   the default gimprc placed in users' home  directories  the  first  time
   GIMP is run.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/devicerc  -  holds  settings for input devices together
   with the tool, colors, brush, pattern and gradient associated  to  that

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gtkrc   -   users  set  of  GIMP-specific  GTK+  config
   settings. Options such as widget color and fonts sizes can be set here.

   /etc/gimp/2.0/gtkrc - system wide default  set  of  GIMP-specific  GTK+
   config settings.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/menurc - user's set of keybindings.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/parasiterc - Stores all persistent GIMP parasites. This
   file will be rewritten every time you quit GIMP.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/sessionrc - This file takes session-specific info (that
   is  info,  you  want  to  keep  between two GIMP sessions). You are not
   supposed to edit it manually, but of course you can do. This file  will
   be  entirely  rewritten  every  time  you quit GIMP. If this file isn't
   found, defaults are used.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/templaterc - Image templates are kept in this file. New
   images  can  conveniently  created  from  these templates. If this file
   isn't found, defaults are used.

   /etc/gimp/2.0/unitrc - default user unit database. It contains the unit
   definitions  for  centimeters,  meters, feet, yards, typographic points
   and typographic picas and is placed in users home directories the first
   time GIMP is ran. If this file isn't found, defaults are used.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/unitrc  -  This  file contains your user unit database.
   You can modify this list with the unit editor. You are not supposed  to
   edit it manually, but of course you can do.  This file will be entirely
   rewritten every time you quit GIMP.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/plug-ins - location of user installed plug-ins.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/pluginrc - plug-in  initialization  values  are  stored
   here. This file is parsed on startup and regenerated if need be.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/modules - location of user installed modules.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/tmp  -  default  location  that  GIMP uses as temporary

   ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/brushes - system wide brush files.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/brushes - user created and installed brush files. These
   files are in the .gbr, .gih or .vbr file formats.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/curves  -  Curve profiles and presets as saved from the
   Curves tool.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gimpressionist - Presets and user created  brushes  and
   papers are stored here.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/levels  -  Level profiles and presets as saved from the
   Levels tool.

   ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/palettes - the system wide palette files.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/palettes - user created  and  modified  palette  files.
   This files are in the .gpl format.

   ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/patterns  -  basic  set  of patterns for use in

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/patterns - user  created  and  installed  gimp  pattern
   files. This files are in the .pat format.

   ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gradients   -   standard  system  wide  set  of
   gradient files.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gradients - user created and installed gradient files.

   ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/scripts - system wide directory of scripts used
   in Script-Fu and other scripting extensions.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/scripts - user created and installed scripts.

   ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gflares  -  system  wide  directory used by the
   gflare plug-in.

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gflares - user created and installed gflare files.

   ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/gfig - system wide directory used by  the  gfig

   $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gfig - user created and installed gfig files.

   ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-splash.png - the default image used
   for the GIMP splash screen.

   ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/images/gimp-logo.png - image used in  the  GIMP
   about dialog.

   ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/tips/gimp-tips.xml  -  tips as displayed in the
   "Tip of the Day" dialog box.


   GIMP comes with a default image for the splash  screen  but  it  allows
   system  administrators  and  users  to  customize  the splash screen by
   providing other images. The image to be used with the splash screen  is
   chosen as follows:

   1.     GIMP  tries  to  load  a random splash screen from the directory

   2.     It then falls back to using $HOME/.gimp-2.8/gimp-splash.png.

   3.     If the user didn't install any custom splash  images,  a  random
          image is picked from ${datarootdir}/gimp/2.0/splashes.

   4.     As  a last resort, GIMP uses the default splash image located at


   Any bugs found should be reported to  the  online  bug-tracking  system
   available  on  the  web at Before reporting
   bugs, please check to see if the bug has already been reported.

   When reporting GIMP bugs, it is important to include a reliable way  to
   reproduce  the bug, version number of GIMP (and probably GTK+), OS name
   and version, and any relevant hardware specs. If a  bug  is  causing  a
   crash,  it  is  very  useful  if  a stack trace can be provided. And of
   course, patches to rectify the bug are even better.


   The canonical place to find GIMP info is at  Here
   you can find links to just about many other GIMP sites, tutorials, data
   sets, mailing list archives, and more.

   There is also a GIMP User  Manual  available  at
   that goes into much more detail about the interactive use of GIMP.

   The  latest  versions of GIMP and the GTK+ libs are always available at


   Spencer Kimball, Peter Mattis and the GIMP Development Team.

   With  patches,  fixes,  plug-ins,  extensions,  scripts,  translations,
   documentation and more from lots and lots of people all over the world.


   gimprc(5), gimptool(1),


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